Bali in brief, the island area of 5620 square km approximately from south to north 80 km and from east to west 140 km, is only 8 degrees south of the equator. Bali has a tropical climate which is hot all year. The average temperature hovers around 30 C. There are dry and wet seasons, dry season from April to September and wet season from October to March. Bali has two active mountain Mount Batur 1717 m high and Mount Agung 3140 m high it’s eruption in 1963. South and north of the central mountains are agricultural lands. West part of Bali has an interesting collection of animal and plant life, especially in the West Bali National Park.
Bali is a province one of 30 provinces in Indonesia. For the governmental administration purpose the island is devided into 9 regencies. Every regency consists of several districts and every district has several administrative village. Bali population with an estimated 3.5 million peoples at the moment, almost 90% is Balinese Hindu relegion. There are is a strong sense of Balinese cultural identity, based on a unique relegion, elaborate ritual, language and caste, there are 4 diferrent caste in Bali, Brahmana, Kesatria, Wesia and Sudra. The Brahmanas have the prefix Ida Bagus (male) and Ida Ayu (female), the Kesatria Anak Agung or Cokorda Agung (male) and Agung Ayu or Cokorda Ayu (female, the Wesia I Gusti Ngurah (male) and I Gusti Ayu (female) and for Sudra the first child is Wayan or Putu, the second child is Made, Kadek or Nengah, the third child is Nyoman or Komang and number fourth is Ketut.
Balinese language is another language entirely with completely different vocabulary and grammar with Indonesian language. Balinese is greatly complicated by it’s caste influences, to describe the language in terms of three forms, Low Balinese, is used between friends or family and when speaking to same caste, Polite Balinese, is used for talking to superiors or strangers, High Balinese, is used to indicate respect for the person being addressed.